Stories of historical figures and information about archaeological findings in articles of Miras magazine
Regular issue of quarterly scientific and popular Miras magazine produced by Magtumguly Institute of Language, Literature and National Manuscripts of the Academy of Arts of the country was published.
Addressed to broad reading auditory, the magazine published in Turkmen, Russian and English languages continues the series of articles of Turkmen and foreign scientists about new discoveries as well as about the results of studies of historical, cultural and spiritual heritage of the nation.
For example, article “Medieval living house discovered in Abiverd Stronghold” give the information about archaeological monuments of Kaahka etrap, Ahal velayat including about Peshdag (local name of Abiverd).
The article speaks in details about researches made in this lace in different years as well as about the results of work of special scientific expedition organized presently for study of the monument using modern methods and technologies. The author notes that a two-room house, which walls were built of raw and tempered bricks, and veranda between these two rooms have been found on the territory of 11 by 14 meters in the southeast part of the city.
Planning and arrangement of the house is typical for Southern Turkmenistan of the late middle ages. The artefacts, which were found there, gives imagination about life, tangible culture and level of development of pottery as well as about trade relations of local population.
Article “About Handwritten versions of the Poem by Lutfi “Gul’ and Nowruz” gives interesting information about outstanding representative of Merv and Herat (Khorasan) school of medieval Turkmen literature Molla Omar Ibn Lutfulla, who is more known in the East as Movlan Lutfi.
Writing of the poem became indeed a remarkable event in cultural life of that time. Perfectness of the prose and skill of narration of this work made significant impact on the art of not only Lutfi contemporaries but also on later Turkmen classical poets including Magtumguly. Based on the analysis of the prose of the poem, the author of the article made conclusion that is also an important source for Turkmen linguistics.
Section “Interrelation of cultures, nations and civilizations” presents article of local archaeologists “Metal Articles of Shehrislam”. The excavations are carried out actively today at the territory of ancient settlement, which is located 20 km north of administrative centre of Baherden etrap, Ahal Velayat these days. Unique evidence of ancient history and rich culture of Turkmen nations, which was found in this place, has already become the subjects of ethnographic, palaeographic and numismatic studies.
Items made of gold, brass and bronze occupy special place among archaeological rarities found in Shehrislam. These are some useful items, household appliances, decorations and many other. Familiarizing the readers with these unique findings, the authors of the article support it with bright illustrations and make conclusion that significant part of metal items found in Shehristan was made in this city where the crafts were highly developed, economic and cultural relations with neighbouring regions and countries were supported.
The same section includes the article of Uzbek scientist dedicated to literary work of outstanding war leader, philosopher and author, founder of the State of Great Moguls Zahireddin Mohammed Babur who wrote Babur-name, the first sample of autobiographic genre in historical literature and poetic Diwan. Analysing the poems of Babur, the author mentions that 54 books written in Turkic language and strictly complying with the standard s of ‘muamma’ genre remained until our days.
The scientist mentions that these works reflect philosophic and literary outlook of Babur on such important subjects as the foundation of the state, provision of its prosperity. They are also important as valuable art document of its period. Use of literary anagram allows finding encrypted names in poems, the authors concludes.
The issues is closed with brightly illustrated review of events of social, scientific and cultural life of Turkmenistan in the first quarter of 2019.